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基于空地一体调查的银瓶山森林公园银瓶嘴群落物种 垂直分布格局研究
许冬山1, 张柱森1, 邓泽伟2, 闫东明1, 杨进良1, 陈 进1, 唐瑾暄1, 张中瑞3
1.东莞市银瓶山森林公园;2.广东省森林培育与保护利用重点实验室/广东省林业科学研究院;3.广东省森林培育与保护利用重点实验室/ 广东省林业科学研究院
摘要:
银瓶山森林公园银瓶嘴区域海拔落差极大, 为调查该区域植物资源垂直分布格局, 研究采用空 地一体调查技术, 结合无人机航拍建模技术在银瓶嘴区域不同海拔梯度设置 19 块样地开展实地调查。 结 果表明: 群落调查显示, 优势度指数以样地 2 最高, 样地 10 次之, 样地 12 最低, 多样性指数以样地 2 最 高, 样地 10 次之, 样地 4 最低, 均匀度指数则为样地 13 最高, 样地 11 次之, 样地 4 最低; 对各样点健 康度进行综合评价, 样地 1、 2、 16、 10、 9、 6、 17、 7、 5 为较健康样地, 14、 15、 18、 19、 13、 8、 10、 11、 3、 12 为较不健康样地。 结合空间三维模型判断, 峰脊地带附近群落相对健康、 沟谷地带群落相对不 健康, 应加强植物群落的保护。
关键词:  银瓶山森林公园  群落结构  物种多样性  垂直分布
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Study on the Vertical Distribution Pattern of Species in Yinpingzui Community of Yinpingshan Forest Park Based on An Air-ground Integrated Survey
XU Dongshan1, ZHANG Zhusen1, DENG Zewei2, YAN Dongming1, YANG Jinliang1, CHEN Jin1, TANG Jinxuan1, ZHANG Zhongrui3
1.Dongguan Yinpingshan Forest Park;2.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Silviculture Protection and Utilizationy/Guangdong Academy of Forestry;3.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Silviculture, Protection and Utilization / Guangdong Academy of Forestry
Abstract:
To investigate the vertical distribution pattern of plant resources in the Yinpingshan area of Yinpingshan Forest Park, which has a great altitude difference, the study adopts the air-ground integrated survey technique, combined with the drone aerial photography modeling technology to set up 19 sample plots at different altitude gradients in the Yinpingzui area to carry out field surveys. The results showed that: the community survey showed that the dominance index was the highest in sample 2, the second highest in sample 10, and the lowest in sample 12, the diversity index was the highest in sample 2, the second highest in sample 10, and the lowest in sample 4, and the evenness index was the highest in sample 13, the second highest in sample 11, and the lowest in sample 4; the health of each site was comprehensively evaluated, and sample 1, sample 2, sam- ple 16, sample 10, sample 9, sample 6, sample 17, sample 7, sample 5 were the healthier samples, and sample 14, sample 15, sample 18, sample 19, sample 13, sample 8, sample 10, sample 11, sample 3, and sample 12 were the unhealthier samples. Combined with the spatial three-dimensional modeling, the community is relatively healthy relative to the ridge area and relatively unhealthy relative to the valley area, and the protection of plant communities should be strengthened.
Key words:  Yinpingshan Forest Park  community structure  species diversity  vertical distribution