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基于儿童友好的城中村空间环境影响因素分析 ———以佛山市城中村为例
杨永明1, 黎彩敏2, 吕 慧2
1.博阳设计院(广东)有限公司;2.佛山科学技术学院
摘要:
城中村作为承载儿童成长与生活的重要空间载体, 其空间环境是否对儿童友好对于儿童成长有 重要的意义。 从儿童友好的角度出发, 对佛山市 18 个城中村的空间环境进行实地调查, 结合其中 5 个城 中村的儿童户外活动特征问卷调查结果, 分析城中村儿童友好空间环境影响因素。 结果表明街巷是儿童上 学、 外出活动必经区域和玩耍的场地, 存在安全因素、 适儿程度低等因素影响其儿童友好程度; 儿童户外 活动空间方面存在集中性绿地的面积不足、 设施可供性不足与质量不佳、 可探索性少等问题, 难以满足不 同年龄段儿童活动的需求。 最后, 根据这些影响因素提出了对儿童友好的城中村改造建议。
关键词:  儿童友好环境  城中村  空间环境  佛山市
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Analysis of Environmental Impact Factors in Urban Villages Based on Children-friendly Environment: A Case Study in Foshan
yangyongming1, LI Caimin2, LYU Hui2
1.BoYang Design Institute (Guangdong);2.Foshan University
Abstract:
As an important spatial carrier for children??s growth and life, the spatial quality and environmental shaping of urban villages are important for their growth. From the perspective of child-friendliness, this article conducts a field survey on the spatial environment of 18 urban villages in Foshan city. Based on the results of a questionnaire survey on the characteristics of children??s outdoor activities in 5 urban villages, the influencing factors of child-friendly spatial environment in urban villages are analyzed. The results indicate that streets and alleys are necessary areas for children to go to school, go out for activities, and play, and there are safety factors and low levels of child comfort that affect their child friendliness; In terms of outdoor activity spaces for children, there are problems such as insufficient area of centralized green spaces, insufficient availability and quality of facilities, and limited exploration, making it difficult to meet the needs of children of different age groups for activities. Finally, based on these influencing factors, this article proposes suggestions for childfriendly urban village renovation.
Key words:  Child-friendly environment  Urban Village  physical environment  Foshan city